Garza Azul/Little Blue Heron/Egretta caerulea

Egretta caeruleaEgretta caerulea

Nombre en español: Garza Azul

Nombre cientifico: Egretta caerulea

Nombre en ingles: Little Blue Heron

Familia: Ardeidae

Fotos: Ferney Salgado/Juan Ochoa

La garceta azul o garza azul (Egretta caerulea) es una especie de ave pelecaniforme de la familiaArdeidae que habita en la mayor parte del continente americano.


Es nativa de América, desde Estados Unidos a Argentina, y divagante en Groenlandia, Portugal, Sudáfrica y Uruguay.


Esta especie puede llegar a medir de 55 a 60 cm de alto, y pesar 350 g.

Historia natural

Se encuentra en el agua dulce o salada. A diferencia de la mayoría de las garzas, la garceta azul le gusta convivir en grupo, aunque muchas veces se le puede observar solo con su pareja.

Su alimentación consta de animales marinos como peces, algunas ranas, y de insectos. Puede tener de 3 a 7 huevos.

Little blue heron

The little blue heron (Egretta caerulea) is a small heron. It breeds in the Gulf states of the US, through Central America and the Caribbean south to Peru and Uruguay. It is a resident breeder in most of its range, but some northern breeders migrate to the southeastern US or beyond in winter. There is post-breeding dispersal to well north of the nesting range, as far as the Canada–US border.


This species is about 60 cm (24 in) long, with a 102 cm (40 in) wingspan, and weighs 325 g (11.5 oz). It is a medium-large, long-legged heron with a long pointed blue or greyish bill with a black tip. Breeding adult birds have blue-grey plumage except for the head and neck, which are purplish and have long blue filamentous plumes. The legs and feet are dark blue. The sexes are similar. Non-breeding adults have dark blue head and neck plumage and paler legs. Young birds are all white except for dark wing tips and have dull greenish legs. They gradually acquire blue plumage as they mature.


The little blue heron’s breeding habitat is sub-tropical swamps. It nests in colonies, often with other herons, usually on platforms of sticks in trees or shrubs. Three to seven light blue eggs are laid. The little blue heron stalks its prey methodically in shallow water, often running as it does so. It eats fish, frogs, crustaceans, small rodents and insects.

White little blue herons often mingle with snowy egrets. The snowy egret tolerates their presence more than little blue herons in adult plumage. These young birds actually catch more fish when in the presence of the snowy egret and also gain a measure of protection from predators when they mix into flocks of white herons. It is plausible that because of these advantages, they remain white for their first year.

Egretta caerulea


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