Nombre en español: Picoplano Diminuto
Nombre en ingles: Gray-crowned Flycatcher
Nombre científico: Tolmomyias poliocephalus
Foto: Fabio Arias
Canto: Jerome Fischer
El picoplano cabecigrís (Tolmomyias poliocephalus) es una especie de ave paseriforme de la familia Tyrannidae, que se encuentra en Bolivia, Brasil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guayana francesa, Guyana, Perú, Suriname y Venezuela.
Vive en el sotobosque y el nivel medio de bosques húmedos tropicales y subtropicales, por debajo de los 1.000 m de altitud.
El picoplano cabecigrís mide 12 a 13 cm de longitud. Tiene el dorso de color verde oliva amarillento, el píleo, nuca y subbigoreras grises. Tiene la lista loral y la garganta blancas. Sus partes inferiores son amarillentas con flacos oliva. Tiene las alas negras con barras amarillas.
Se alimenta de insectos.
Construye un nido en forma de bolsa a unos 25 m sobre el suelo, generalmente cerca de un nido de avispas. La hembra pone dos a tres huevos.
The grey-crowned flatbill or grey-crowned flycatcher (Tolmomyias poliocephalus) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is found in humid forest in the Amazon and Atlantic Forest in South America. It closely resembles the yellow-margined and yellow-olive flatbills, but its lower mandible is dark with a pale base. It is a fairly common bird with a wide range and the International Union for Conservation of Nature has rated it as «least concern».
Tolmomyias flatbills are robust small birds with broad beaks. The grey-crowned flatbill is about 12 cm (4.7 in) long and has a generally yellowish-green plumage, a grey cap and nape, and a yellowish throat marked with grey. The iris is usually a pale colour and the mandible has a dark tip. Several species of flatbill overlap in their range and are easily confused with each other visually, but their songs are mostly distinctive. The grey-crowned flatbill’s song is a series of whistles rising in pitch with the final whistle trembling – «tuee? tuee? TUEE? tuEEuEE? tuEEuEE?». The only other similar song in the genus is that of the yellow-margined flatbill (Tolmomyias assimilis) which has a more rasping quality; flatbills in this genus are difficult to tell apart and the voice is usually the best means of recognition. The stance of this species is more horizontal than other members of the genus, and it sometimes cocks its tail.
Distribution and habitat
The grey-crowned flatbill is native to the Amazon region of South America. Its range includes Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname and Venezuela. Its maximum altitudinal range extends to 1,000 m (3,300 ft) or locally higher. It generally inhabits the middle and upper canopy of the rainforest as well as forest edges, river valleys and tall secondary forest growth. The nest is shaped like a bag and has a tubular entrance near the base; it is often hung near a wasp nest.
The grey-crowned flatbill has a very wide range in the Amazon rainforest and on the lower slopes on the eastern side of the Andes. It is said to be a fairly common species and its population trend may be declining slightly but not at a rate that would cause concern, and the International Union for Conservation of Nature has assessed its conservation status as being of «least concern».