Nombre en español: Colibrí Culirrufo
Nombre en inglés: Rufous-vented Whitetip
Nombre científico: Urosticte ruficrissa
El colibrí puntablanca oriental (Urosticte ruficrissa) es una especie de colibrí en la familia Trochilidae.
Distribución y hábitat
Se encuentra en Colombia y Ecuador. Su hábitat natural son los bosques húmedos tropicales o subtropicales de montaña.
The rufous-vented whitetip (Urosticte ruficrissa) is a species of hummingbird in the family Trochilidae. It is found in Colombia and Ecuador. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forest.
Rufous-vented Whitetips inhabit the understory of humid montane forests, especially in semi-open areas. They forage at low or mid levels of the forest on nectar and insects and sometimes migrate to higher elevations after the breeding season. These medium-sized hummingbirds are green above and have a white spot behind the eye. Males have a large white spot on their forked tails, formed by the white lower halves of the central tail feathers. Females’ tails are bronzy green with white tips.
9–10 cm; 4–4·2 g. Male has medium-sized straight bill, black; upperparts shining green; white postocular streak; underparts shining green, undertail-coverts buffy; tail dusky bronze, deeply forked, central rectrices broadly tipped white. Female shining green above; white below with green spots, glittering on throat; tail dusky bronze, forked, outermost feathers broadly tipped white. Immature similar to adult female but with brown-edged head feathers.
Has been considered conspecific with U. benjamini on grounds of intermediate characters of birds from NE Peru, named as race intermedia; however, intermedia appears to represent merely a mutant phenotype within that population, having no connection with U. benjamini and no taxonomic validity. Monotypic.
Amazonian slope of SC Andes of Colombia (Huila, SE Nariño) S to NE Peru (N San Martín).
Humid, partly open mountain forest (including cloudforest) and forest edges from 1600 m to 2400 m. Forages from low to middle strata.
Sedentary, with local movements to higher altitudes after the reproductive period.
Diet and Foraging
Nectar of flowering Clusia, Palicourea and bromeliads. Insects are caught in the air by hawking, occasionally by gleaning from leaves.
Sounds and Vocal Behavior
A mellow, fast twittering “tweetweetweetwee…”, also described as a laughing chatter. Calls include a single lower-pitched scratchy note “tzrrrrr” (sounding buzzier than U. benjamini) while feeding in flight.
Jan–Apr. Compact cup-shaped nest is built of moss in vines, 2–4 m above the ground. Clutch size 2; incubation 15–18 days, by female; chick is blackish with sparse buffy dorsal down; fledging period 22–24 days (data from captive birds). First breeding in second year.
Not globally threatened. CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Colombian Inter-Andean Slopes EBA and Ecuador-Peru East Andes EBA. Generally uncommon throughout its range. Protected by national parks and nature reserves in most of its Colombian habitats; situation in Ecuador is more precarious due to heavy logging activities in areas of cloudforest.
Fuentes: Wikipedia/eBird/xeno-canto/Birds of the world