Chotacabras Buchirrufo/Rufous-bellied Nighthawk/Lurocalis rufiventris 

Foto: Luis Felipe Quintero

Nombre en español: Chotacabras Buchirrufo

Nombre en inglés: Rufous-bellied Nighthawk

Nombre científico: Lurocalis rufiventris 

Familia: Caprimulgidae

Canto: Diego Calderón

El añapero ventrirrufo,​ llamado también añapero vientre rufo, chotacabra de vientre rufochotacabras buchirrufogallinaciega buchirufoguardacaminos buchirufo o aguaitacamino ventrirrufo (Lurocalis rufiventris), es una especie de ave de la familia Caprimulgidae, orden caprimulgiforme.

Distribución y hábitat

Se le puede encontrar en Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Perú y Venezuela, en bosques húmedos tropicales y subtropicales, así como en bosques de montaña en altitudes entre los 1650 y los 3000 m.​

Foto: Scott Olmstead


Mide en torno a los 25 cm de longitud y pesa alrededor de 115 gr. Ambos sexos tienen un plumaje muy similar, con las partes superiores de color pardo y las inferiores de color rojizo con un moteado en color pardo.

​Rufous-bellied nighthawk

The rufous-bellied nighthawk (Lurocalis rufiventris), sometimes also Taczanowski’s nighthawk, is a species of nightjar in the family Caprimulgidae. It is found in Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela.

Foto: Scott Olmstead

Taxonomy and systematics

The rufous-bellied nighthawk was described as a species, later was treated as a subspecies of short-tailed nighthawk (Lurocalis semitorquatus), but since at least the late 1990s has been again accepted as a species in its own right. It is monotypic.


The rufous-bellied nighthawk is 23 to 25 cm (9.1 to 9.8 in) long. Its uppersides and wings are dark brown with rufous and buff spots and speckles. The tail is brown with tawny or grayish brown bars and a pale tip. The chin is dark brown, the throat white, the breast dark brown, and the belly and flanks tawny buff.

Distribution and habitat

The rufous-bellied nighthawk is found in the Andes of western Venezuela, the eastern and central Andes of Colombia, the west side of much of the Ecuadoran Andes, and the east side of the Andes through Ecuador and Peru into Bolivia. It inhabits humid montane cloudforest, in at least Ecuador and Peru at elevations between 1,500 and 3,450 m (4,900 and 11,000 ft).


The rufous-bellied nighthawk is usually found singly or in pairs. It is most active at dusk, and during the day roosts lengthwise on tree branches.


The rufous-bellied nighthawk feeds on the wing; though its diet has not been studied it is assumed to be insects.


The rufous-bellied nighthawk’s breeding phenology has not been studied. It is assumed to be similar to that of its congener, the short-tailed nighthawk, which lays its one egg directly on a horizontal branch.


The rufous-bellied nighthawk’s song, «a rapidly delivered series of notes that gradually descend in pitch, e.g., kwa-kwa-kwa-kwa-ko«, is given both in flight and while perched. It has other vocalizations, «a muffled pow, a series of muffled rising coos, and a low growl».


The IUCN has assessed the rufous-bellied nighthawk as being of Least Concern. It has a large range, and though its population is believed to be declining, the rate of decline is not thought to be fast enough for a more serious rating. No immediate threats other than habitat destruction have been identified.

Fuentes: Wikipedia/eBird/xeno-canto

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