Nombre en español: Colibrí de Goldman
Nombre en inglés: Violet-capped Hummingbird
Nombre científico: Goldmania violiceps
El colibrí de Goldman o tucusito de coronilla morada (Goldmania violiceps), es una especie de ave de la familia Trochilidae, orden Apodiformes.
Distribución y hábitat
Vive en Colombia y en Panamá, en bosques tropicales y subtropicales, en altitudes entre los 600 y los 1 200 m.
Este colibrí mide en torno a los 9 cm de longitud y pesa unos 4,4 gr. La hembra es más pequeña y ligera que el macho.
The violet-capped hummingbird (Goldmania violiceps) is a species of hummingbird in the family Trochilidae. It is found in Panama and far northwestern Colombia.
Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest. It is found mostly from 2,000 to 4,000 feet in elevation.
This hummingbird is 3.5 inches in length. Males may be identified by the combination of violet crown and forked chestnut tail. The female is the only hummingbird in its range with the combination of mostly white underparts and chestnut tail.
The Violet-capped Hummingbird is endemic to eastern Panama and extreme northwestern Colombia, where it is found in humid forest and forest edge in foothills and on mountain slopes. It is largely bright green, with an iridescent violet crown and bright red bill commisure. The female is dull grayish below. It feeds on flowers at lower forest strata, but there is little additional information on behavior.
8·5–9·5 cm; male 3·8–4·4 g, female 3·4–3·9 g . Male has straight black bill, mandible basally flesh-coloured; crown iridescent violet-blue; back and underparts metallic green; undertail-coverts green, with central feathers white and stiffened; tail slightly forked, maroon, broadly bordered with bronze; white femoral tufts. Female green above, whitish below, with grey spots on throat and green discs on sides; tail similar to male’s, but tipped white. Juvenile resembles adult female.
Mountains of C & E Panama (Cerro Azul, Cerro Brewster, Cerro Bruja, Serranía de Majé, Cerro Tacarcuna, Cerro Mali) and extreme NW Colombia.
Humid forest and forest edges between 600 and 1200 m, commonest around 900 m. Forages mainly low down in dense undergrowth.
Diet and Foraging
Nectar of low flowering shrubs, including Salvia, Pachystachis, Palicourea and Psammisia.
Sounds and Vocal Behavior
Call a series of irregularly repeated, very nasal and fairly low-pitched notes, “kyek…kyek-kyek-kyek…kyek…”, given while hovering or feeding. Song said to be a low, rapid chipping (2).
Nests have been found Dec to Mar, with females collected in breeding condition in Apr (1); no further information available.
Not globally threatened. Currently listed as Near Threatened. CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Darién Highlands EBA. Fairly common to locally common (Cerro Azul and Cerro Jefe). Many parts of the montane habitats of this species as yet largely unaltered by man.
Fuentes: Wikipedia/eBird/xeno-canto/Birds of the world