Bisbita Paramuna/Paramo Pipit/Anthus bogotensis

Foto: Diego Emerson Torres

Nombre en español: Bisbita Paramuna

Nombre en inglés: Paramo Pipit

Nombre científico: Anthus bogotensis


Canto: Peter Boesman

La cachirla andinamiracielitobisbita paramuna o bisbita andino​ (Anthus bogotensis) es una especie de ave paseriforme de la familia Motacillidae propia de la cordillera de los Andes.

Foto: Ferney Salgado

Distribución y hábitat

Se encuentra en los Andes de Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Perú y Venezuela.

Su hábitat natural son las áreas tropicales o subtropicales de los Andes entre los 2.500 y 4.000 m de altitud, en praderas y pastizales, principalmente en páramos y punas.


Mide alrededor de 15 cm de longitud. El plumaje de las partes superiores es de color castaño con múltiples rayas ocres y negruzcas. La cola es oscura con las plumas exteriores color ante a blancuzcas; las partes inferiores son de color ante opaco, más claro y grisáceo en las plumas más viejas y con un pequeño punto oscuro en el pecho.


Su dieta consta de insectos y semillas. Es un ave forrajera, lo cual demuestra en el suelo, en arbustos de escaso tamaño, en el pasto y en vegetación baja de páramo. Corre a lo largo del pasto.

A. bogotensis
Sclater, 1855

Paramo pipit

The paramo pipit (Anthus bogotensis) is a species of bird in the family Motacillidae. It is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical high-altitude grassland and pastureland.

Foto: Julian Zuleta

Paramo Pipits occur through the Andes from northwest Venezuela south to northwest Argentina, and inhabit open country at elevations above 2100 m, principally arid páramo and puna grasslands, where it favors areas of level ground. Although generally considered to be resident, the probability of seasonal movements to lower elevations in the non-breeding season exists. It is usually found alone or in pairs, but occasionally in small groups of six or more, foraging on the ground in search of insects and seeds. The species is easily overlooked, despite that is reasonably common in many parts of its range. Plumage-wise, it is a relatively typical member of its genus, although the relatively less densely streaked underparts should assist the identification process to some extent.


15 cm. Rather slender pipit with relatively long bill. Nominate race  has faint blackish-streaked buffy supercilium, narrow whitish eyering; above  , dusky to cinnamon-brown, boldly streaked blackish and buff; remiges edged buffy brown, wing-coverts dusky with buff tips (two narrow buffy wingbars); tail dusky, outer rectrix with whitish outer web and buffy inner web, adjacent feather with whitish tip; throat light buff, underparts  deep buff (greyer when worn), sparse dark streaks on breast and flanks; underwing-coverts buff; iris brown; bill dusky above, pale below; legs pinkish. Sexes alike. Juvenile not described. Race meridae  has broader buffy wingbars  than nominate, tip of T5 buffy, not white; shiptoni almost lacks wingbars, has underparts buffy white to white, sometimes unstreaked on side, bill shorter; immaculatus  is similar to previous, has crown streaks and supercilium buffy white.

Systematics History

See comments under A. hellmayri. Four subspecies recognized.


Paramo Pipit (meridae)Anthus bogotensis meridae

Andes in NW Venezuela (Trujillo, Mérida, N Táchira).

Paramo Pipit (bogotensis Group)Anthus bogotensis [bogotensis Group]

A. b. bogotensisA. b. shiptoniAvailable illustrations of subspecies in this group

Anthus bogotensis bogotensis

NW Venezuela (Páramo de Tamá, in S Táchira) and Andes from Colombia (N and S parts of C range, also E range S to Cundinamarca) S to N Peru (Cajamarca).

Anthus bogotensis immaculatus

NC Peru S to Bolivia (La Paz, Cochabamba).

Anthus bogotensis shiptoni

NW Argentina (Tucumán).

Foto: Nick Athanas



Open treeless, often arid páramo and puna grassland in upper montane zone, at 2100–4200 m, locally to 4500 m. Occurs in areas having mix of short grass and bunch-grass, bogs and flats, also adjacent pastures and agricultural land; favours flatter areas.


Apparently resident; some seasonal elevational movements may occur.

Diet and Foraging

Insects and seeds. Forages on the ground  in low shrubs and grass, and in low páramo vegetation; runs through grass. Singly or in pairs, occasionally in small parties of six or more individuals.

Sounds and Vocal Behavior

Aerial song  exuberant, musical and complex, long wheezing note followed by high chattering series, e.g. “nyeeezzzzz, dziit-it, dziit-it, chit-it-it-it-it-it” or “sweet-sweet-sweez-twee’e’e’e’e’e’e’e’e’sr’r’r’r’, tsee, tseez-tseez”; song from perch thinner, simpler, with broken phrases, e.g. “tseedle, tseedle, tslee”. Call a thin “tjirp” or “pit-sit” or “chit chit”; sometimes chattering “triee chi chi” from ground or in flight in aggressive encounters.


Probably breeds in late Mar in N of range; eggs in Dec and young birds reported in May and Sept in Peru. In nuptial flight, male rises to moderate height and makes slow gliding descent. No further data.

Conservation Status

Not globally threatened. Locally common to fairly common; uncommon to locally fairly common in Ecuador. Can be difficult to locate, and may be overlooked. Possibly occurs more widely in Colombian Andes and more continuously in S of range (Bolivia, Argentina).

Fuentes: Wikipedia/eBird/xeno-canto/Birds of the world

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