Pitajo de Diadema/Yellow-bellied Chat-Tyrant/Ochthoeca diadema

Foto: Daniel Orozco

Nombre en español: Pitajo de Diadema

Nombre en inglés: Yellow-bellied Chat-Tyrant

Nombre científico: Ochthoeca diadema

Familia: Tyrannidae

Canto: Niels Krabbe

El Pitajo de vientre amarillo (Ochthoeca diadema) es una especie de ave en el orden Passeriformes y la familia Tyrannidae. Mide 12,2 cm (4,7 pulgadas) de longitud. Tiene un grueso, corto y delgado pico. En general es color oliva con un amarillo ocre por delante y una larga ceja amarilla. Tiene alas de color oscuro y una cola con dos barras rojizas. Se encuentra principalmente en Colombia, Ecuador, Perú y Venezuela. Se alimenta de dos en dos separados y caza cerca de la tierra en el follaje.

Foto: Leandro Vargas

Taxonomía

El Pitajo de vientre amarillo es un ave del orden Passeriformes que contiene más de la mitad de las especies de aves en el mundo. Dentro de este orden, el Pitajo de vientre amarillo es de la familia Tyrannidae también conocido como el papamoscas tirano. Estas aves viven en las Américas. Hay 400 especies de esta familia. En su mayoría son de colores claros como el marrón, gris y amarillo. Tienden a ser estrictamente insectívoros, pero algunas comen bayas y pequeños invertebrados. La mayoría de las especies comparten la técnica de alimentación sallying.

Foto: Fabio Arias

Descripción

El Pitajo de vientre amarillo es un ave relativamente pequeña, alrededor de 12,2 centímetros (4,8 pulgadas) de longitud. Es verde oliva oscuro con una corona de color más oscuro. Tiene un frente de color amarillo ocre que continúa como una ceja angosta. Tiene alas y cola marrón negruzco y de color grisáceo. También cuenta con un vientre de color amarillo brillante y los abrigos en la cola. Cuenta con dos barras rojizas en las alas y en los bordes de las alas.

Foto: Leandro Vargas

Distribución y hábitat

Su hábitat natural son los bosques subtropicales, montanos tropicales húmedos y bosques nublados. Comúnmente se encuentran entre 1.900 y 2.300 metros (6.200 pies y 7.500), pero se puede encontrar en el rango de 1.700 a 3.100 metros (5,600 a 10,200 pies). Se les considera poco común a bastante común en estos rangos. A ellos les gusta estar en laderas con maleza en los bosques de Colombia, Ecuador, Perú y Venezuela. A pesar de que son comunes, rara vez son vistos porque se esconden en el sotobosque denso de montaña.

Foto: Carlos Martinez

Yellow-bellied chat-tyrant

The yellow-bellied chat-tyrant (Silvicultrix diadema) is a species of passerine bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is 12–12.5 cm (4.7–4.9 in) in length. It is a chunky bird with a short, thin bill. It is mostly olive with an ochre yellow forehead and long yellow eyebrow. It has dusky colored wings and tail with two rufous tail bars. It is mostly found in Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. It feeds in separated pairs hunting near the ground in foliage.

Taxonomy

The yellow-bellied chat-tyrant is a bird of the order Passeriformes which contains more than half the birds species in the world. Inside this order, the yellow-bellied chat-tyrant is of the family Tyrannidae also known as the tyrant flycatchers. These birds reside in the Americas. There are 400 species in this family. They are mostly plain colors such as brown, grey, and yellow. They tend to be strictly Insectivorous, but some will eat berries and small invertebrates. Most species share the sallying feeding technique.Back ViewTop ViewWing

Description

The yellow-bellied chat-tyrant is a relatively small bird, around 12.2 centimetres (4.8 in) in length. It is dark olive with a darker colored crown. It has an ochre yellow forehead which continues as a narrow eyebrow. It has blackish lores and greyish brown wings and tail. It also has a bright yellow belly and under-tail coverts. It has two rufous wing bars and rufous wing edgings.

Distribution and habitat

Its natural habitat’s are subtropical, tropical moist montane forests, and cloud forests. Commonly found between 1,900 and 2,300 metres (6,200–7,500 ft), but can be found in the range of 1,700 to 3,100 metres (5,600–10,200 ft). They are considered uncommon to fairly common in these ranges. They like to stay in brushy hillsides in the forests of Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. Though they are common, they are rarely seen because they hide in the dense mountain understory.

Foto: Diego Calderón

Behavior

Foraging

The yellow-bellied chat-tyrant is a quiet, retiring bird that tries to stay hidden at all times. They tend to perch alone, fairly erect, 0.5–5 metres (1.6–16.4 ft) above the ground in mossy understory. They tend to flick their tails up and sally short distances in the understory while hunting insects in the foliage making audible snaps. They also will hop from twigs to the ground. They are sometimes considered fearless but typically inconspicuous, hiding in thick undergrowth. They can occasionally be found in mixed flocks, but do not follow them.

Vocalizations

In the morning (at dawn) this bird sings with a fast, thin, and delicate trill that ascends slightly like fingers running up a comb. During the day the song is a long, buzzy trill that sags in the middle then ascends at the end. There is also a longer version during the day that slowly rises then drops slightly at the end. It also has a «conflict» call that slowly rises then immediately followed is a slow descending trill over and over with other sharp bickering notes. The bird also will sing for a short time at dusk.

Foto: Alejandro Cartagena

Breeding

They tend to breed from January–October in Colombia and March–December in Ecuador. They do not migrate, making them a resident bird. They tend to make mossy ball nests on banks containing 4 creamy white eggs.

Fuentes: Wikipedia/eBird/xeno-canto

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