Pava Moñuda/Crested Guan/Penelope purpurascens

Penelope purpurascens Torrelavega.jpg

Nombre en español: Pava Moñuda

Nombre en ingles: Crested Guan

Nombre científico: Penelope purpurascens

Familia: Cracidae

Foto: Rodrigo Gaviria

Canto:  Samuel Jones

La pava moñuda (Penelope purpurascens), también conocida como pava cojolita, pava crestadacatita serranacojolite (nahuatlismo de coxolitli, «faisán»), congonaajolite y chonche, es una especiede ave galliforme de la familia Cracidae que se encuentra en los bosques nubosos húmedos desde la península de Yucatán y el sur de México, hasta las regiones costeras de Ecuador Colombia y Venezuela hasta los 2000 msnm.


Mide entre 70 y 91 cm de longitud y pesa entre 1,6 y 2,7 kg. Los machos se caracterizan por un copete gris desarrollado a la manera de una cresta. El plumaje es pardo oscuro grisáceo con bordes blancos. La cara alrededor de los ojos es desnuda y azul, la garganta ancha y roja, el pico negro brillante y sus patas son de color rojo.

Historia natural

Generalmente vive en grupos de hasta 12 individuos. Se alimenta de frutos, semillas e insectos. Esta especie se encuentra amenazada, especialmente en su espacio sudamericano, porque su hábitat ha sido afectado por la deforestación y por la caza indiscriminada.


Se conocen tres subespecies de Penelope purpurascens:

  • Penelope purpurascens purpurascens – de México a Honduras y Nicaragua
  • Penelope purpurascens aequatorialis – del sur de Honduras y Nicaragua al noroeste de Colombia y sudeste de Ecuador
  • Penelope purpurascens brunnescens – del norte de Colombia al este de Venezuela

Crested guan

The crested guan (Penelope purpurascens) is a member of an ancient group of birds of the Cracidae family, which are related to the Australasian mound builders. It is found in the Neotropics, in lowlands forests ranging from south Mexico and the Yucatán Peninsula to western Ecuador and southern Venezuela. The sexes are similar in appearance; the plumage is mainly dark brown with white spotting, an area of bare skin round the eye, bright red wattles, a bushy crest, a long broad tail and pink legs. It is a social bird, often seen in pairs or small family groups. It feeds in trees, mainly on fruit, and builds a nest of twigs on a branch. The two or three white eggs are incubated by the female. The International Union for Conservation of Nature has rated this bird’s conservation status as «least concern».


This is a large gamebird, with a length varying from 84 to 91.5 cm (33.1 to 36.0 in). These birds commonly weigh around 1,750 g (3.9 lb), though can weigh as little as 1,361 g (3.0 lb) in P. p. brunnescens, the smallest race on average. Among standard measurements, the wing chord is 33 to 42.8 cm (13.0 to 16.9 in), the tail is 34 to 41.5 cm (13.4 to 16.3 in) and the tarsus is 7.4 to 9.1 cm (2.9 to 3.6 in). It is similar in general appearance to a turkey, with a small head, long strong red legs, and a long broad tail. It is mainly dark brown, with white spotting on the neck and breast. The rump and belly are rufous. The head sports a bushy crest, from which the species gets its name, blue-grey bare skin around the eye, and a bare red dewlap or wattle. The sexes are similar, but young birds have black vermiculations and ochre specks on the body plumage.

The crested guan is a noisy bird with a loud plee or quonk call, a whistled contact call and a powerful keLEEEErrrr!dawn song.


The crested guan breeds in lowlands from south Mexico and the Yucatán Peninsula to western Ecuador and southern Venezuela at up to 1,850 m (6,070 ft) altitude.


The crested guan is an arboreal forest species. The substantial twig nest is built in a tree or stump and lined with leaves. The female lays two or three large rough-shelled white eggs and incubates them alone.

This is a social bird, often seen in pairs or family groups of 6–12. It walks along branches seeking the fruit and foliage on which it feeds, or flies off with a heavy ani-like flap and glide.

The range of this species has severely contracted outside remote or protected forests due to deforestation and hunting, but it has a very wide range and is a relatively common species so the International Union for Conservation of Nature has rated its conservation status as being of «least concern».

Penelope purpurascens


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