Págalo del Polo Sur/South Polar Skua/Stercorarius maccormicki

Foto: Nick Athanas

Nombre en español: Págalo del Polo Sur

Nombre en inglés: South Polar Skua

Nombre científico: Stercorarius maccormicki

Famlia: Stercorariidae

Canto: Andrew Spencer

El págalo antárticopágalo australpágalo sureñopágalo polar​, escúa polar o salteador polar (Stercorarius maccormicki) es una especie de ave de la familia Stercorariidae perteneciente al género Stercorarius. Se distribuye por el hemisferio sur, sobre todo en sus regiones frías, incluyendo las islas subantárticas.

En ocasiones se le incluye como miembro del género Catharacta, y también a veces se le considera una subespecie de Stercorarius skua.​

South polar skua

The south polar skua (Stercorarius maccormicki) is a large seabird in the skua family, Stercorariidae. An older name for the bird is MacCormick’s skua, after explorer and naval surgeon Robert McCormick, who first collected the type specimen. This species and the other large Southern Hemisphere skuas, such as the great skua, are sometimes placed in a separate genus Catharacta.

Description

The south polar skua is a large bird (though small compared to other skuas sometimes placed in Catharacta) that measures around 53 cm (21 in) in length. Adults are greyish brown above, and have a whitish (pale morph) or straw-brown (intermediate morph) head and underparts, and the contrast between head and body makes it easy to separate from similar species with good views. Juveniles and adult dark morphs are harder to distinguish from their relatives, and more subjective or difficult-to-observe criteria, such as the colder brown plumage and blue bill base, must be used.

Identification

Distinguishing this skua from the Northern Hemisphere Arctic, pomarine, and long-tailed skuas is relatively straightforward. The large size, massive barrel chest, and white wing flashes of this bird are distinctive even at a distance. The flight is direct and powerful. Identification of this skua is more complicated when it is necessary to distinguish it from the closely related great skua of the North Atlantic, and the other large Southern Hemisphere skuas. Identification problems make claims of any Southern Hemisphere skua in the eastern North Atlantic problematic, and few records of south polar skua have been accepted in Western Europe. Similar problems occur, of course, with extralimital claims of great skua.Skua eggs

Distribution and habitat

It breeds on Antarctic coasts, usually laying two eggs in November and December. It is a migrant, wintering at sea in the Pacific, Indian, and Atlantic Oceans. In the eastern North Atlantic, it is replaced by the great skua. South polar skuas have been seen at the actual Geographic South Pole. Megalestris Hill, on Petermann Island in the Wilhelm Archipelago of Antarctica, is named after an obsolete generic name for the south polar skua. Skua chick

Behaviour

Like other skuas, it flies at the head of a human or other intruder approaching its nest.

Feeding

The south polar skua eats mainly fish, often obtained by robbing gulls, terns and even gannets of their catches. It also eats other birds, rabbits, and carrion. Like most other skua species, it continues this piratical behaviour throughout the year, showing less agility and more brute force than the smaller skuas (jaegers) when it harasses its victims.

Fuentes: Wikipedia/eBird/xeno-canto

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